FHA requires that pre-funding (pre-closing) quality control loan reviews should occur each month and that the loans selected for review must have been approved by an FHA Direct Endorsement underwriter before the pre-funding (pre-closing) quality control loan review can take place. According to FHA, the review should be 10% or less of the sample size and the review staff should operate independently from the Lender’s loan production or administration process. If nine or fewer FHA loans were closed during the prior month, then at least one FHA loan must be selected for pre-funding (pre-closing) quality control loan review. FHA also requires that the Lender verify that none of the participants in the transaction are debarred or suspended under an LDP and FHA program.
The following documents must be a part of the pre-funding (pre-closing) quality control loan review: appraisal; mortgage application, eligibility, and all underwriting documents; disclosures and legal compliance; mortgage origination documents; handling of mortgage documents; credit reports (a new report does not have to be ordered); any outstanding debt obligations; verifications of employment and deposit; self-employment information; source of funds; underwriting completeness and accuracy; property flipping restrictions; prohibited restrictive covenants; QM; Loan Estimate; any discrepancies in the loan file; and verification of any condition clearance. The results of the reviews must be reported to senior management on a monthly basis. The feedback that is provided should be used to create Action Plans so as to prevent the same mistakes from happening in the future. Any conflicting information in these documents should be resolved with the underwriter and any discrepancies found have to be resolved before closing. FHA also requires that if any discoveries of fraud or material misrepresentations are found during the review, they should be reported immediately to HUD/FHA.
Culp QC, a division of Regulatory Solutions, is available to assist you with your pre-funding /pre-closing quality control reviews. Culp QC, a division of Regulatory Solutions, will provide you with the independent solution you need to ensure your pre-funding files are reviewed in accordance with agency guidelines.
Freddie Mac requires that a Lender establish a pre-funding / pre-closing quality control loan review process that contains a sample selection and provides enough time for reviews to be completed before closing. There must be procedures established to report deficiencies to senior management and to take the appropriate corrective measures. The pre-funding (pre-closing) quality control loan review process must also document the resolution of any defects and should establish procedures for canceling/postponing a closing when the review reveals deficiencies or when the review cannot be completed before closing.
The pre-funding (pre-closing) quality control loan review should include loans that reflect the full scope of the Lender’s products. When selecting loans for review the Lender should make sure to target certain loan samples in order to review the work of new employees, confirm that a new product is being originated in accordance with policies, and to evaluate the work of a particular employee when fraud is suspected. The method in which the Lender chooses their samples should be examined regularly so as to ensure its effectiveness.
For the validation and re-verification process, Freddie Mac requires that the pre-funding (pre-closing) quality control loan review include validation or re-verification of: data entered into Loan Product Advisor; Social Security numbers (unless validated during the loan origination process); income documentation and its calculation; employment; assets required to close or meet reserve requirements; property valuation documentation; adequate mortgage insurance; and whether additional credit was granted and considered when the credit report reveals inquiries within the previous 120 days.
Regulatory Solutions is available to assist you with your pre-funding/pre-closing quality control reviews. Regulatory Solutions will provide you with the independent solution you need to ensure your pre-funding files are reviewed in accordance with agency guidelines.
According to the Fannie Mae Selling Guide, the Lender should establish a process for selecting loans for pre-funding quality control loan reviews and that those who are performing the review must be completely separate from the loan origination process. When establishing pre-funding quality control loan reviews, the Lender should take into account the risks inherent in its established origination process, volume of loans, and product mixes. The Lender should make sure to include loans that have been identified as having a higher risk for errors or fraud. These could include loans with complex income calculations, that have properties located in an area with a high delinquency rate, and those that were originated or processed by a new loan officer. The method used for the sample loan selection should be regularly reviewed by management so as to ensure its effectiveness.
The pre-funding quality control loan process has to include a review of certain data points and documents for accuracy and completeness. Fannie Mae has stated that a Lender must review: the data entered into an AUS; Social Security Number(s); income calculations and any supporting documentation; employment documentation (this does include verbal verifications); assets needed to close; the appraisal (if one was ordered); and documentation of adequate mortgage insurance coverage. This is just the minimum that Fannie Mae requires to be reviewed and it is up to the Lender to perform a more expansive review if necessary. Fannie Mae has made a few caveats to this process. If income or assets were validated by DU, then the Lender is not required to perform any recalculations as part of their pre-funding quality control loan review. Also, it is up to the Lender to ensure that all of the information entered into DU is appropriate and the Lender should investigate any inconsistencies that appear in the loan file.
For reporting the pre-funding quality control loan reviews, the Lender should establish a process to report any defects that were found. This has to include: monthly reporting to senior management; communicating with parties that could resolve these defects; and documenting any resolution of the defects. The reports must have more than just a summary report of all of the findings. They must also contain a description of the sample selection along with any defect trending information.
Culp QC, a division of Regulatory Solutions, is available to assist you with your pre-funding/pre-closing quality control reviews. Culp QC, a division of Regulatory Solutions, will provide you with the independent solution you need to ensure your pre-funding files are reviewed in accordance with agency guidelines.
I am pleased to announce that I have sold Culp QC, Inc., to Regulatory Solutions, LLC of Birmingham, Alabama, effective November 1, 2017.
The company will continue to reside in Owensboro, Kentucky and will operate under the name of Culp QC, a division of Regulatory Solutions, LLC.
more: A note from Bruce Culp on the sale of Culp QC
Regulatory Solutions LLC is pleased to announce that it has acquired the assets of Culp QC, Inc., a provider of quality control, post closing audit services to the mortgage industry. This transaction will significantly increase Regulatory Solutions’ business as well as its presence throughout the United States. Culp QC will continue to operate as a separate division of Regulatory Solutions under the Culp QC name with offices in Owensboro, Kentucky. Terms are undisclosed.
more: Regulatory Solutions Acquires Assets of Culp QC, Inc.
It has been widely reported that the TILA-RESPA Integrated Disclosure (TRID) requirements has lengthened the number of days it takes lenders to close loans. Now we have definitive evidence that TRID has also increased lenders’ Overall Net Defect Rates as well.
more: TRID Has Increased Our Clients’ Defect Rates